What you need to know about Tolyatti
Map of Tolyatti- Russia
Tolyatti is the second largest city in the Samara region of Russia, located in the middle reaches of the Volga River, on its left bank. It is a major center of automotive and chemical industries, as well as rail, river and road transport, the largest city in the country which is not a regional capital.
The population of Tolyatti is about 712,600 (2015)
Of all the languages of Russia, Russian is the only official language at the national level. There are 35 different languages which are considered official languages in various regions of Russia, along with Russian. There are over 100 minority languages spoken in Russia today.
The currency of Russia is ruble (also spelled rouble). The ruble was also the currency of Russian Empire and Soviet Union. One ruble consists of 100 kopeikas. The ISO 4217 code of Russian currency is RUB.
City Day is celebrated on the first summer weekend. Tolyatti stretches for 30 km along the Volga River, and consists of three districts: Avtozavodsky, Central and Komsomolsky. Tolyatti is often called the “green city” because of the large number of green plantations and forests.
The climate is temperate continental with hot summers and cold winters. However, it is considerably mitigated by the Kuibyshev Reservoir. The average temperature in January is minus 10,6 degrees Celsius, in July – plus 20.9 degrees Celsius.
The town was founded by Vasily Tatishev as a fortress called Stavropol to protect the territory of the Russian Empire from nomad raids in 1737. During the 19th century the town’s population hardly grew, and was about 6 thousand people.
By the 1950s, there were only about 12,000 people in the town. When Zhigulyovskaya hydro power station and Kyubyshev water reservoir were constructed, almost the whole town was moved to a new location.
In 1964, the city was renamed in honor of the General Secretary of the Italian Communist Party Palmiro Togliatti. In 1966, together with the Italian automaker FIAT, construction of the Volga Automobile Plant (VAZ), the largest in the USSR, began. In 1964-1970, the population of the city doubled. According to 1970 census, 251,000 people lived in Tolyatti.
The transport system is well developed in the city. Public transport includes municipal buses and trolley-buses, and so-called “alternative” (commercial) transport or marshrutkas.
External transport routes are provided by two bus stations, two railway stations and a city harbour. Tolyatti has its airport as well, but it is used by personal aircraft only (the nearest international airport, Kurumoch, is located 40 km away, towards Samara). The city is linked to the federal road network by the M5 “Ural” highway.
As one of Russia’s “motor cities”, Tolyatti’s car population has been greatly expanded, and traffic jams are common during morning and evening rush hours — Samara Oblast was one of the first regions to receive an additional licence plate code because its existing code did not have enough numbers for all its residents’ cars.